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Disease & Epidemic

Many diseases occur naturally. Health care professionals are constantly on alert for patterns or spread of certain diseases because they can create epidemics. Unfortunately, not all diseases are spread naturally. Bioterrorism is the intentional spread of viruses, bacteria and other germs resulting in widespread disease. Category A biological agents are used in attacks because they cause the most illness and death among humans, they include: Anthrax, Botulism, Smallpox, Plague, Tularemia and Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. It could be hours or even days before evidence of Bioterrorism rises to the surface. It's critical to listen to public health officials as they will recommend the best course of action to take during such an incident. By following their directions, you may save your life.

Click a link to jump to a section below:


Anthrax

  1. Anthrax Fact Sheet
    Texas Department of State Health Services

  2. Anthrax Basics
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  3. Best Management Practices for Equine Disease Prevention
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

Flu ( Influenza or Human Flu )

  1. Texas EDEN Flu Resources
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service


  2. TexasFlu.org

  3. Flu.gov

  4. National EDEN (eden.lsu.edu)

  5. RedCross.org

  6. The Centers for Disease Control (cdc.gov)


Influenza (Avian Flu)

  1. Bio Security for the Birds
    U.S.D.A.

  2. EDEN Avian Influenza Issue Page
    Provides: introduction, advice to flock owners and resources

  3. H7N9
    National Extension Disaster Education Network

 


Influenza (Swine Flu)

  1. Checklist: Biosecurity Practices for Swine Shows
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  2. Biosecurity for Swine Producers ( En EspaƱol )
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  3. Checklist: Biosecurity Practices for Swine Validation
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  4. Influenza H3N2v: Key Facts for People Exhibiting Pigs at Fairs
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  5. Additional Flu Posters for Fair Season

  6. Swine Influenza
    National Extension Disaster Education Network

Isolation and Quarantine

  1. Quarantine and Isolation Fact sheet
    Created by Carol A. Rice, PhD, RN
    Family Development and Resource Management
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, The Texas A&M University System

  2. Understand Quarantine & Isolation
    CDC.gov

Botulism

  1. Facts About Botulism
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  2. Content Related to Botulism
    Texas Department of State Health Services

Chagas Disease

  1. Chagas Disease
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  2. Chagas (Trypanosomiasis-American)
    The Center for Food Security and Public Health

Dengue Fever

  1. Dengue Fever - symptoms, treatment and prevention
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  2. Dengue Fever
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  3. Dengue Fever
    Texas Department of State Health Services

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever

  1. Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    Signs & Symptoms

    Transmission

    Prevention

Hantavirus

  1. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
    Texas Department of State Health Services

  2. Hantavirus
    The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention

    Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)

    Hantavirus HPS Brochure (pdf)

    Hantavirus Prevention

    Hantavirus Airborne Transmission

  3. Help Yourself to a Healthy Home - Booklet (pdf)
    The Department of Housing and Urban Development

    Integrated Pest Management - Booklet (pdf)

    7 Steps to a Healthy Home (pdf)

  4. Hantavirus
    U.S. National Library of Medicine

  5. Hantavirus diseases
    World Health Organization

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

  1. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

Malaria

  1. Malaria FAQs
    Texas Department of State Health Services

  2. Malaria
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Measles

  1. Measles (Rubeola)
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  2. Measles
    Texas Department of State Health Services

  3. Measles Overview
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (also see vaccination schedules)

MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)

  1. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  2. MRSA Also called: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    MedLine Plus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, The National Institutes of Health

Murine Typhus

  1. Murine Typhus (Fleaborne Typhus)
    Texas Department of State Health Services

  2. Typhus
    PubMed Health

MERS Coronavirus

  1. MERS Coronavirus
    National Extension Disaster Education Network

  2. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

  1. Texas EDEN Whooping Cough Resources
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

Norovirus

  1. Norovirus Infection
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  2. Norovirus
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  3. Norovirus Symptoms
    Mayo Clinic

  4. Causes & Symptoms of Norovirus Infection
    Minnesota Department of Health

  5. Norovirus (Norwalk Virus)
    FoodSafety.gov

Plague

  1. Plague Information
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  2. Plague
    Texas Department of State Health Services

Rabies

  1. Rabies
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    National Center for Infectious Diseases

Smallpox

  1. Smallpox Disease Information
    Centers for Disease Control

  2. What you need to know about Smallpox
    Texas Department of State Health Services

Tick borne Diseases

  1. Types of Tick borne Diseases
    National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

  2. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (pdf)
    Texas Department of State Health Services

  3. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
    Centers for Disease Control

  4. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
    PubMed Health

  5. Tularemia
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  6. What you need to know about Tularemia
    Texas Department of State Health Services

  7. Lyme Disease
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  8. Lyme Disease (Lyme Borreliosis)
    Texas Department of State Health Services

Valley Fever

  1. Valley Fever Fact Sheet (pdf)
    Centers for Disease Control

  2. Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis)
    Centers for Disease Control

  3. Valley Fever: Awareness is Key
    Centers for Disease Control

Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

  1. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
    Centers for Disease Control

  2. What you need to know about Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
    Texas Department of State Health Services

West Nile Virus

  1. West Nile Virus: Fight the Bite!
    Centers for Disease Control

  2. Mosquito Control Options & Gimmicks
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  3. Mosquito Control Videos
    Insects in the City, Texas AgriLife Urban Solutions Center at Dallas

    • Mosquito Control – Protecting Yourself
      Reduce your risk of mosquito bites by using a good repellent. This video describes why you should use repellent and (at the end) lists repellents that are currently recommended by the Centers for Disease Control.
    • Mosquito Control – Stopping mosquitoes at the front door
      One of the ways people may be bitten by mosquitoes carrying West Nile virus is when tiny mosquitoes enter the home through doorways. This video discusses some simple options for reducing this risk.
    • Mosquito Control – Preventing Mosquitoes
      Many homeowners create their own backyard mosquito problem by allowing water to stand in hidden sites. This video offers tips for spotting and eliminating mosquito breeding sites.
    • Mosquito Control – Control Options
      Pyrethroid insecticides provide options for short- and long-term mosquito control in home landscapes. Be sure to follow the label and apply pesticides in the evening to minimize risks to beneficial insects.

  4. Mosquito Prevention Tips for School Districts
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  5. Managing Mosquitos After a Flood
    Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

  6. Texas West Nile Virus Map ( USA Map )
    U.S. Geological Survey

  7. West Nile Virus
    National Extension Disaster Education Network

  8. West Nile Virus Resources
    Texas Department of State Health Services

  9. The Insect Repellent DEET
    The United States Environmental Protection Agency

  10. Mosquito Control
    The United States Environmental Protection Agency

Zoonoses: Prevent and Protect

  1. PDF Fact Sheet:

    Prevent the Spread of Zoonotic Diseases ( En Español )

  2. PDF Presentation:

    Zoonotic Disease & Prevention


  3. Marketing Brochure available for order from the Texas AgriLife Bookstore:

    MKT-5001 Prevent the Spread of Zoonotic Diseases ( En Español )